To mitigate the climate crisis ambitious emission reductions and respectively rapid and far-reaching transitions in energy, land, urban and infrastructure (including transport and buildings) as well as industrial systems that are unprecedented in terms of scale are required. In the wide portfolio of mitigation options renewable energy sources will play a key role in delivering the aspired emission reductions, together with efficiency improvements and changes in lifestyles.
The Austrian government has stipulated a goal of 100% RES-E supply in Austria by 2030. As of 2018, RES-E held a share of 77% in total electricity generation in Austria. Bridging the gap to the 100% target over the next 12 years will nevertheless require fundamental changes in the Austrian electricity system entailing considerable investment. The economic and social impacts of these investments will be far-reaching and might vary substantially depending on which technology mix will ultimately be implemented.
The objective of the START2030 is to provide comprehensive analyses of the economic incidence and social impacts of a transition to a 100% RES-E system in Austria by 2030. Three policy scenarios in which the 100% target is achieved will be analysed to depict the broad range of potential effects associated with the transformation. These scenarios for Austria will be integrated in a consistent scenario of the development of the European electricity system and will be specified in close co-operation with relevant stakeholders. The model-analysis will deliver insights in terms of the emission impact as well as regarding the macroeconomic and distributional effects of the RES-E scenarios. Based on the model analysis and a comprehensive literature review, policy recommendations on how to mitigate detrimental effects on disadvantaged/negatively affected groups will be developed.